Jackson, Mississippi is the capital, as well as the largest city, in the U.S. state of Mississippi.
Jackson, Mississippi’s political and industrial heart, retains a small-town flavor, with a wealth of cultural attractions. At the Old Capitol Historical Museum, exhibits chronicle the Civil Rights movement, while the Smith Robertson Museum houses displays on African–American Mississippian history and heritage. Other attractions include the Museum of Art and the Museum of Natural Science.
Mississippi is a fascinating blend of the old south and the 21st
century. Jackson is a city of well preserved historic buildings, from the
governor's mansion to City Hall. Baptist and Presbyterian churches stand
alongside antique shops and flea markets. Interspersed with Civil War
memorabilia and plantations reminiscent of years gone by, are landmarks from the
Civil Rights Movement. The Medgar Evers statue, the Woolworth sit-in site, and
the Smith Robertson Museum attest to the active participation of local
state’s capital city is home to more than 184,000 people with a proud history
that includes the world’s first heart and lung transplants, the first federal
building in the country to be named after an African-American, and the home town
of literary giants Eudora Welty and Margaret Walker Alexander. Founded in 1822
on the site of a trading post on the west bank of the Pearl River, the city was
named to honor Major General Andrew Jackson who later became the seventh
President of the United States. The city’s history has been turbulent. During
the civil war, Jackson was ravaged and burned three times by Union troops under
the command of General William Tecumseh Sherman. More recently, Jackson played a
pivotal role in the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s.
Jackson was named one of America's Best Places to Live, Work and Play and one of
the 30 most livable communities in the United States. The city’s motto “Best of
the New South” is appropriate for a city that offers traditional southern
hospitality alongside high-tech telecommunications. The Southeast’s most
advanced state-of-the-art conference center is located in downtown Jackson, and
the metro area boasts seven colleges and junior colleges, and 11 hospitals,
including the nationally renowned University of Mississippi Medical Center.
Jackson’s performing arts and cultural offerings are unparalleled for a city its
size. They include the Mississippi Symphony Orchestra, the Mississippi Opera,
the New Stage Theatre and the country’s self-guided Civil Rights Driving Tour.
a major distribution center served by the Jackson International Airport and
Hawkins Field as well as rail provided by Canadian National Gulf and Kansas City
Southern. With its temperate climate and recreational options which include
golf, tennis, swimming, and regional and national sporting events, as well as a
professional baseball team, Jackson is an ideal location for both indoor and
outdoor sports enthusiasts. Jacksonians take pride in their city and others are
beginning to discover it as well. Committed to creating "The Best of the New
South," Jackson continues to renovate its historic homes and neighborhoods while
working to maintain the downtown center as a thriving business and cultural
Mississippi’s Capital City is conveniently located at the crossroads of
Interstate 55 (north-south) and Interstate 20 (east-west) in the heart of the
“Hospitality State.” As the center for the Metro Jackson area, which is home
to more than 425,000 people, the city of Jackson is steeped in history, music,
performing arts, sports, and a truly Southern way of life.
of Jackson, off I-55, is the Natchez Trace Parkway. This scenic highway follows
the historic trade route that once ran from Natchez to Nashville. Many
Virginians and Carolinians passed through the area as they followed the Old
Natchez Trace toward the Southwest. Named for Andrew Jackson, the city, sadly,
earned the nickname Chimneyville when Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman burned it in
July 1863. The Confederate trenches can still be seen in Battlefield Park.
a city of beauty and charm. The Mississippi State Capitol, bordered by High
Street to the north and President Street to the east, is the centerpiece.
Built in 1903, this stunning structure was modeled on the United States Capitol
in Washington. Two blocks to the south, on the corner of Congress and Capitol,
is the Mississippi Governor's Mansion, a fine example of Greek revival
architecture and one of the few buildings to survive the Civil War. In addition
to its own historical value, the Old Capitol building contains the country's
most comprehensive museum on Mississippi history and culture.
is home to most of Jackson's cultural outlets. Two blocks from City Hall is the
Russell C. Davis Planetarium, one of the largest in the Southeast. It stands
next to the Mississippi Museum of Art, where the world's largest collection of
folk art and crafts by regional artisans is displayed.
restoration projects in Jackson’s historic downtown include beautiful Congress
Street with its inlaid bricks, benches and period lighting, the Multi-Modal
Transportation Center, and the Farish Street Entertainment District.
buildings are worthy of note. The Governor's Mansion, authorized in 1839 and
completed in 1842, is the second oldest residence of its type in the nation and
is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. Jackson's City Hall,
built in 1846, is still the working seat of municipal government after more than
140 years. The massively-columned three-story building and the gardens that
surround it are two of the most photographed locations in the city. Due west of
the Old State Capitol is the Mississippi State Fairgrounds, the regular site of
many exhibitions, livestock shows and the annual State Fair.
support is strong for the Mississippi Symphony Orchestra, the Mississippi Opera,
and a professional baseball team, along with the Mississippi Museum of Art, the
Natural Science Museum, Agriculture and Forestry Museum, and the Smith-Robertson
Museum and Cultural Center and other venues.
association with Varna, Bulgaria, Tokyo, and Moscow, Jackson hosts the
world-class International Ballet Competition at the beautiful municipal
auditorium, Thalia Mara Hall. The city-center arts complex also includes the
Mississippi Museum of Art and the nation’s 10th largest planetarium. The
Mississippi Arts Pavilion is home to the International Commission for Cultural
Exchange, which has hosted several exhibits, including Palaces of St.
Petersburg, the Splendors of Versailles, the Majesty of Spain and The Glory of
Baroque Dresden exhibition.
dining and nightlife sparkle on the Jackson scene. Many races and ethnic groups
provide the city with cuisine that is truly international. One can choose Greek,
Continental, Italian, Chinese, Japanese, French, Mexican, Thai, Mexican,
Russian, or down- home, traditional Southern cooking.
welcome and a walk through history await, in the pleasant Mississippi capital of
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